A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the location at which bones connect. They are constructed to allow movement (except for skull, sacral, sternal, and pelvic bones) and provide mechanical support, and are classified structurally and functionally.
Joints are mainly classified structurally and functionally. Structural classification is determined by how the bones connect to each other, while functional classification is determined by the degree of movement between the articulating bones. In practice, there is significant overlap between the two types of classifications.
Terms ending in the suffix-sis are singular and refer to just one joint, while -ses is the suffix for pluralization.
An articulate facet is generally seen as a small joint, especially used when speaking of the joints of the ribs.
Structural classification (binding tissue)
Structural classification names and divides joints according to the type of binding tissue that connects the bones to each other. There are three structural classifications of joints:
A building joint is a junction where building elements meet without applying a static load from one element to another. When one or more of these vertical or horizontal elements that meet are required by the local building code to have a fire-resistance rating, the resulting opening that makes up the joint must be firestopped in order to restore the required compartmentalisation.
Whether or not the building elements forming the joint have a fire-resistance rating, the joint design must still consider the anticipated operational movement of each joint. Timing is also important, as freshly poured concrete shrinks particularly during the first few months of a new building, potentially causing joint size changes.
In audio engineering, joint refers to a joining of several channels of similar information in order to obtain higher quality, a smaller file size, or both.
The term joint stereo has become prominent as the Internet has allowed for the transfer of relatively low bit rate, acceptable-quality audio with modest Internet access speeds. Joint stereo refers to any number of encoding techniques used for this purpose. Two forms are described here, both of which are implemented in various ways with different codecs, such as MP3, AAC and Ogg Vorbis.
Intensity stereo coding
This form of joint stereo uses a technique known as joint frequency encoding, which functions on the principle of sound localization. Human hearing is predominantly less acute at perceiving the direction of certain audio frequencies. By exploiting this characteristic, intensity stereo coding can reduce the data rate of an audio stream with little or no perceived change in apparent quality.
More specifically, the dominance of inter-aural time differences (ITD) for sound localization by humans is only present for lower frequencies. That leaves inter-aural amplitude differences (IAD) as the dominant location indicator for higher frequencies. The idea of intensity stereo coding is to merge the lower spectrum into just one channel (thus reducing overall differences between channels) and to transmit a little side information about how to pan certain frequency regions to recover the IAD cues.
economy, the markets in which we operate or may operate, and on our business; our strategic priorities; our land acquisition, land development and capital allocation priorities; market conditions; demand for our homes; anticipated operating results and guidance; home deliveries; ...
The Centrica (LSE... What’s more, while the business is trying to develop its green ambitions, it still owns a share of an oil and gas joint venture. This has been up for sale for some time with no buyers emerging ... As such, while I am optimistic about the outlook for the Centrica share price, I’m not a buyer of the stock today ... FREE REPORT ... .
Traders in the New Market area have threatened an agitation against hawkers who they allege have taken over two-thirds of the road space, making it difficult for buyers to reach their shops. The Joint Traders Federation, an association of traders of markets in the area, including ...
Zetlin and his wife, Gerri, were the buyers, along with Carol Wolowitz. The three are joint tenants with rights of survivorship, according to documents recorded Wednesday ...AgentFern Fodiman of Sotheby’s International Realty handled the buyers’ side ... In that deal, Bachrad and Danielle Stern repped the buyer.
RECENTLY, a few private banks jointly organised a training session in Karachi for their sales staff on how to market green financing products ... Also, owing to green banking support, traders will not protest against a higher tax rate if the rise in prices is jointly shared by both the seller and the buyer.
“It’s pretty devastating,” said Harvard Bookstore general manager AlexMeriwether... “It’s disheartening to see this trend ... Cambridge, MA ... Show Caption ... Bartley put his restaurant up for sale during the pandemic, but he’s adamant that he’ll wait for a buyer who’s dedicated to keeping the burger joint as is.
ICDA BFAR 20106932, specifically for “frozen squid whole,” intended for institutional buyers, with final destination at its storage and trading center, in Quiapo, Manila. Katada said the joint DA-BFAR and BOC investigation showed that two containers were instead diverted to ...
Lucknow police commissionerate on Friday initiated the process to attach the property of three developers Paresh Rastogi, Piyush Rastogi and Pankaj Rastogi, accused of cheating buyers of around Rs 1,000 crore ...Joint police teams of Hazratganj and Gautampalli under the direction of ...
All the one-bedroom units are fully sold, said developers Mapletree Investments and Keppel Land in a joint statement on Sunday (Jan 31). Most of the buyers are Singaporeans and permanent residents, with a mix of owner-occupiers and investors, they added.
A joint agreement undersigned by the buyers’ association of KnightsCourt and JAL has been presented to UP-Rera and the regulator is all set to award the construction following formal approval by the NoidaAuthority...The project will be supervised by a monitoring committee of buyers, UP-Rera representatives and Noida Authority officials.
Since then, the UK administrators Deloitte have been attempting to find a buyer for the business. . The Irish operation was placed in liquidation, but the joint liquidators here - Ken Fennell and James Anderson of Deloitte - had kept the stores open over Christmas - until the latest lockdown - to maximise the value of the stock for creditors.